Anthropology of Religion

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Nexus Philosophy of Religion, Religious Studies, Anthropology of Religion,

Nexus Kinship, Social Anthropology, Ethnicity. Biological Anthropology, Physical Anthropology, Archaeology, Linguistics, Anthropological Theory, Linguistic Anthropology - Psychological Anthropology, Cognitive Anthropology, Cognitive Sciences, Neurosciences, Information Sciences, Identity, Sociological Theory, Economic Anthropology, Economics, Political Anthropology, Political Science, Anthropology of Religion, Anthropology of Development, Legal Anthropology, Ethnography

Scope

Can Anthropology of religion explain religion itself, or does it cover the role of religion in explaining society? Gellner (1999: 36-7): Is there a transcultural religious sphere something like Durkhueim's or Eliade's sacred? Should all religions be interpreted in the same way? (Goody : no, literacy and written scriptures are fundamental differences compared to non-literacy religions,; Bloch: yes, all religious phenomena make use of symbolic or actual violence to conquer and domesticate fertility and vitality.)

Themes

World religions

Thinkers in Anthropology of Religion

Definition

Durkheim.

Gellner. 1999. Anthropological Approaches in Connolly. Approaches to the Study of Religion - 35 : Tylor 'belief in spiritul beings' ; Spiro 'an institution consisting of culturally patterned interaction with culturally postulated superhuman beings.'

Geertz. 1993: 91 : (1) a system of symbols which acts to (2) establish powerful, pervaisve, and long-lasting moods and motivations in men by (3) formulating conceptions of a general order of existence and (4) clothing these conceptoins with such an ura of factuality that (5) the moods and motivations seeem uniquely realistic. [thus stressing the importance of ritual in imparting fundamental categories (akin to Durkheim's idea of reilgion)].

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