Cybernetics

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Contents

Fiche

Nexus

Political Science, and Systems Theory borrowed from cybernetics to describe the international system as a communication system.

Scope

Cybernetics as the science of control of complex systems. The term cybernetics comes from the ancient Greek word kybernetikos (“good at steering”), referring to the art of the helmsman, and has same etymology as "governor". Broader view (e.g. in former Soviet Union) includes control theory and all forms of information processing (here computer science becomes a part of cybernetics. Norbert Wiener's book Cybernetics 1948 generally considered as the start of the discipline.

Notions

Principles: application of concepts from information theory, automata as information converters, use of theory of algorithms. Self-teaching mechanisms, biocybernetic systems.

Thinkers

Norbert Wiener, Talcott Parsons, Kenneth Waltz, Niklas Luhrmann.

Periodicals

Journal of Education, Informatics and Cybernetic http://www.journaleic.com/issue/current

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