Cybernetics as the science of control of complex systems. The term cybernetics comes from the ancient Greek word kybernetikos (“good at steering”), referring to the art of the helmsman, and has same etymology as "governor". Broader view (e.g. in former Soviet Union) includes control theory and all forms of information processing (here computer science becomes a part of cybernetics. Norbert Wiener's book Cybernetics 1948 generally considered as the start of the discipline.
Principles: application of concepts from information theory, automata as information converters, use of theory of algorithms. Self-teaching mechanisms, biocybernetic systems.
Norbert Wiener, Talcott Parsons, Kenneth Waltz, Niklas Luhrmann.
Journal of Education, Informatics and Cybernetic http://www.journaleic.com/issue/current