Fred Pearce, Peoplequake puts forward a thesis of mass migration, aging nations and a coming population crash. But also claims ageing populations an opportunity for more peaceful societies. - Conflict Causes.
Successful programming linking health with demography : Deployment of 50,000 trained female reproductive health workers has halved birth rates in 15 years.
Malthus thesis of overpopulation. Vide Jonathon Porritt, Jared Diamond, David Attenborough. And a lot of kooks.. but note that overpopulation can exacerbate poverty, malnutrition and environmental degradation. Evolutionary biologist Edward O. Wilson suggests the bottleneck theory: that maximum pressure on the natural world will occur this century as human population peaks, after which a declining human population will ease that pressure. This is based on the 'population transition' thesis - that the rest of the world will follow Europe's and North America's 'lead' in declining fertility rates with industrialisation and modernisation. The goal of conservation is therefore to help as much of nature as possible squeeze through this population bottleneck. But what if this is not true, what if human species continues to multiply? The fertility rates in Africa remain stubboringly high, and even in Indonesia it seems it is difficult to get below 3 children per woman despite long-term family planning and modernisation.
In demographic studies, social networks composed of similar individuals who pioneer demographic innovations such as contraceptive use are called demographic innovators. As the size of the demographic innovator class increases, new norms with respect to family size and contraceptive use take shape and remain stable over time.
- The Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations http://www.un.org/esa/population/unpop.htm monitors a broad range of population-related issues. It facilitates access to information, works with Member States to build capacity, and supports coordination among UN agencies on population matters. Also includes a population data bank and extensive online publication database. http://esa.un.org/unpp/ population projections for all countries ;
- The Population Reference Bureau http://www.prb.org/ uses information about population, health and the environment to advance wellbeing. They provide up-to-date population statistics in accessible formats, and work to ensure that population-related policy is made based on sound evidence, both in developing countries and in the US.
- The Population and Health InfoShare http://www.phishare.org/ houses electronic publications and research results that are submitted by their partner organizations in less developed countries. The site features documents on reproductive and child health, HIV/AIDS, and population. Their objective is to “advance knowledge in the population and health field.”
- The Optimum Population trust http://www.optimumpopulation.org/ British think tank which is “concerned with the impact of population growth on the environment.” Their research includes the impact of population on climate change, energy, resources and development.
- The United Nations Population Fund http://www.unfpa.org/ is “an international development agency that promotes the right of every woman, man and child to enjoy a life of health and equal opportunity.” The organization “supports countries in using population data for policies and programmes to reduce poverty and to ensure that every pregnancy is wanted, every birth is safe, every young person is free of HIV/AIDS, and every girl and woman is treated with dignity and respect.”
- The World Population Foundation http://www.wpf.org/ “striving for a world in which people have access to resources (condoms and other contraceptives) and sexuality education.” They believe that “the ability to break out of the cycle of poverty starts with the freedom of choice.” Based out of the Netherlands, their website contains a wealth of information on reproductive rights, as well as a section of publications.
- The Population Council http://www.popcouncil.org/ research-based international NGO which “seeks to improve the well-being and reproductive health of current and future generations around the world and to help achieve a humane, equitable, and sustainable balance between people and resources.”
- The Centre for Development and Population Activities http://www.cedpa.org/ is mandated to “improve the lives of women and girls in developing countries.” They work with local, national, and international organizations to enable women to improve their lives and communities. The organization’s publications are all available for download.
- Interact Worldwide http://www.populationconcern.org.uk/ believes that unless people have access to family planning services, they 'will never be able to lift themselves out of poverty.'
- The United States Census Bureau http://www.census.gov/ considers itself 'the leading source of quality data about the nation’s people and economy.' Contains data tools.
- The 2006 Census of Canada http://www22.statcan.ca/ccr08/ccr08_000_e.htm The census in Canada is “the only reliable source of detailed data for small groups (such as lone-parent families, ethnic groups, industrial and occupational categories, immigrants).”
- Institut national d'etudes demographiques http://www.ined.fr/