Environmental Sciences

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"The flourishing of human and non-human life on earth has inherent value." (The first of the eight points of Arne Naess's deep ecology.)

"Joy is related to the environment and to nature. Should the world's misery and the approaching eco-catastrophe make one sad? The remedy against sadness caused by the world's misery is to do something about it." Arne Naess, The Ecology of Wisdom.

"I went to the woods because I wished to live deliberately to front only the essential facts of life, and see if I could not learn what it had to teach, and not, when I came to die, discover that I had not lived." Henry David Thoreau.




Ecology, Biology, Environmental History, Climate Science, Climate Change Policies, Sustainable Development, Social Conflict Studies, Engineering, Agriculture, Forestry.


Environmental science has a strong focus on policy informed by scientific findings. It encompasses issues such as climate change (and responses to it), conservation, biodiversity, water quality, groundwater contamination, soil contamination, use of natural resources, waste management, sustainable development, disaster reduction, air pollution, and noise pollution.

Expect a boom in different approaches to environmentally sound development. Look at the way creative commons is extended into environment business models in order to pool talent and create synergy.


Planetary boundaries http://www.stockholmresilience.org/planetary-boundaries ; http://www.stockholmresilience.org/download/18.8615c78125078c8d3380002197/ES-2009-3180.pdf ; http://blogs.nature.com/climatefeedback/2009/09/planetary_boundaries.html


weathering of P);

Water management, Sustainable Development


Global Environmental Change




Blogs & Forums

http://dotearth.blogs.nytimes.com/ ; http://climateprogress.org/ ; http://blogs.wsj.com/environmentalcapital/ Scrappy, meaty service on the transition from the carbon-oil economy and its costs.. ; http://switchboard.nrdc.org/ ; http://www.mongabay.com/ ; http://climateethics.org/ Ethics ; http://www.realclimate.org/ Forum where climate scientists can post their views about climate sciences. The political and economic implications of climate science are excluded ; http://www.worldchanging.com/ The WorldChanging discussion forum’s main focus is connecting the various resources — tools, models, and ideas — with which a more sustainable environmental future can be built ; http://www.env-econ.net/ Environmental Economics is a discussion forum which posts economists’ views on environment and resource issues ; http://www.treehugger.com/ offers good news update ; http://globalwarming.change.org/ Advocacy network ; http://priceofoil.org/ Excellent in bashing the oil sector ; http://ecorev.org/ ; http://www.solaripedia.com/ ;



Treaties http://books.nap.edu/openbook.php?record_id=12179&page=41 ; http://www.oildepletionprotocol.org/files/REPORT%20-%20website.pdf Environmental treaties ; http://ecowatch.org/

Sustainable Development

Economic, social and environmental aspects of development, habitat agenda, forests, energy, water and sanitation. Changing theoretical paradigms and policy approaches to natural resource management. Intergenerational focus.

En 1987, le rapport de la Commission mondiale sur l'environnement et le développement définit le développement durable comme "un développement qui répond aux besoins du présent sans compromettre la capacité des générations futures de répondre aux leurs" (WCED, 1987, 43). En d'autres termes, le développement durable "veut questionner, dans une perspective intergénérationnelle, les dimensions économiques, sociales et environnementales du développement et dépasser les clivages Nord/Sud en mettant en avant la dimension planétaire de l'environnement" (Hugon 2006, 29).


Architecture and Shelter


Forest Management


Linking to Poverty reduction

Pollution and environmental damage Policies

Hysteresis In lakes, how “drip feed” with fertiliser does not cause much visible change until, suddenly, the whole system crashes and a new stable state, dominated by lake algae, emerges. To “uncrash” things it is not enough to push the lake’s chemistry back to where it was just before the flip. You have to go quite a long way past that point to bring back the clear-water ecosystem.

Biological Diversity Policies

Environmental Crime Policies

Green Living

See Leisure.

Environment & Conflict

Research have identified significant, simple and direct connections leading from environmental degradation to violent conflict. However, this been strongly challenged (Gleditsch 1998, Lipschutz 1997) (Homer-Dixon 1999). The contention now is that there are some armed conflicts, such as those in Haiti and the Philippines, whose causes cannot be understood without reference to environmental degradation.

Degradation of renewable resources (specifically soil erosion, deforestation and water scarcity) can also contribute significantly to the likelihood of violent conflict, but are in general not triggers to the same extent as are political and economic determinants.

http://wiki.aahren.com/index.php?title=Conflict_Causes&action=edit&section=5 Explores also the varying (sometimes catastrophically low) capacity of states and societies to adapt to changing environmental conditions without resorting to violence (Homer-Dixon 1994).

Water and conflict

2010 - "Within Thailand, where the drought has affected at least 14,000 villages, one official has described “water wars” between farmers hoping to keep their crops alive." "In recent weeks, as water shortages became acute and navigation at some points of the Mekong became impossible, China released water from its dams, raising the water level, according to Jeremy Bird, the chief executive officer of the Mekong River Commission, an advisory body set up in 1995 by the governments of Cambodia, Laos, Thailand and Vietnam. China and Myanmar are not members but have some agreements to share information."

Sahel and environmental degradation

Environment and Security threats

diehl_1998_environmental_conflict_an_intro -- "many publications from the [Toronto] project have produced largely abstract conceptions of the environment-conflict nexus, with actual cases presented only as anecdotal evidence or as illustrative examples."

Environment & Humanitarian Action

Small, fragmented, ad-hoc decision-making within humanitarian operations is not conducive to take environmental concerns into account.

Challenge : to mainstream environmental concerns into humanitarian action. To address environmental dynamics that increase conflict risks, and to minimise the impact of response itself on the environment.

IFRC Code of Conduct ; Oneresponse.info.

  • "Guidelines for Rapid Environmental Impact Assessment in Disasters" [PDF] - Charles Kelly
  • Mainstreaming Environment into Humanitarian Action [DOC] - Tom Delrue and Renard Sexton
  • ERM: Mainstreaming the Environment into Humanitarian Response - An Exploration of Opportunities and Issues

Environmental needs assessment. - needs to be done in

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