- Definitions of human health In human beings, the extent of an individual’s continuing physical, emotional, mental, and social ability to cope with his environment.
- Mechanisms for maintenance of human health International environment in cells, Bodily defences (phagocytic cells, immunology), prevention of hemorrhage, healing, alarm reaction.
- Routine factors Nutrition and diet, exercise, sleep, ageing.
- Cessation of life Dying and death.
- Physiological basis for health - systems Cardiovascular system, lymphatic system, reticuloendothelial system, respiratory system, digestive system, endocrine system, reproductive system, excretory system, supportive-protective system, body cavities, nervous system, body fluids and tissues.
- Illness & Diseases - Classification, Detection & Diagnosis, Treatment of disease
- Webforhealth http://web4health.info/en/
- US National Institutes of Health http://www.nih.gov/
- http://www.corporeality.net/museion/ Blog on biomedicine ;
- http://www.webmd.com/ ;
- Mayo Clinic http://www.mayoclinic.com/ ;
- Healthline http://www.healthline.com/ ;
- Landstinget http://www.1177.se/
- http://passeportsante.net/ ;
- http://www.mangerbouger.fr/ ;
- Folkhälsoinstitutet http://www.fhi.se/default.aspx
- http://ec.europa.eu/research/leaflets/diabetes/article_2788_en.html EU Exgenesis project ;
Health 2.0 http://www.revolutionhealth.com/ Started by Steven Case (AOL) ; http://www.patientslikeme.com/ Patients comparing illnesses ; http://www.medpedia.com/ Feb 2009 wiki by health professionals, database of information from medical professionals and combine it with forums for consumers and patients to share treatment stories, raise questions and directly engage with the physicians editing Medpedia’s content ;
Health & Development
Poor health a cause or consequence of poverty? Nutrition and poverty traps. Health and impact on human capital. Correlation income levels and health? Case of India with rapid growth, but worsening nutritional status. Why? Die Gesundheit des Menschen sei ein Spiegel seiner Lebensbedingungen, hatte der deutsche Pathologe Rudolf Virchow in 19. Jahrhundert festgestelt. Hygiene und Kläranlagen sei wichtige, aber auch Licht, Luft und Demokratie.
Specific health interventions : Hiv/AIDS (link to Gender identities (UN Technical Working Group on MSM), Malaria, TB, diarrhea. Public health campaigns. Health delivery systems.
Medicines : Approximately 90 percent of the nearly five hundred medicines that the World Health Organization deems “essential” for developing countries are, according to the WHO, generic.
Malawi paradox : DfID unterstützt den Aufbau des Gesundheitsszstems mit millionensummen. Und jedoch, die britischen NHS warben aktiv malawische Krankenschwestern ab. DfID finanziert ein Notprogramm. for Krankenschwestern, Erfolg, aber will Apathie und Aussichtslosigkeit die Forstschritte schnell wieder zunichtemachen?
Familyplanning : The "fight" against Traditions, politics, interests.
Children :Die Geschichte des Erfolgs in Malawi beginnt mit den Kindern. Kindersterblichkeit sinkt - Zeichen der Besserung.
Business: What is the role of Businesses in fighting e.g. Hiv/AIDS. Condom manufacturers, attitudes.
Must rebuilding adequate health systems, primary care, public health promotion systems.
Example of small-scale, cheap working transformation of health care : David Werner and his Hesperian Foundation, which transformed health care for villagers in a part of rural Mexico, chiefly by means of having the villagers run it for themselves.
Link to economic gains : Iron supplementation program in Indonesia, improved health, and earnings.
- Global Fund against AIDS (antro-retrovirals etc. UNDP great focus), http://www.theglobalfund.org/en/ (can it be expanded to other diseases e.g. Hepatitis C or a “Global Health Fund”). Take care that this is not just first aid but long-term capacity/resilience building.
- Global Alliance for Vaccine and Immunisation GAVI http://www.gavialliance.org/ - helps, especially to decrease child mortality rates.
- Partners in Health http://www.pih.org/ Founded by Paul Farmer, physician and medical anthropologist, that works to strengthen communities as well as answer specific medical needs and has now expanded to Peru, Lesotho, and Russia, among other places. Its recipe for fighting HIV/AIDS through multiple channels (medicines, better nutrition, and health infrastructure) has become a model, adopted by everyone from the World Health Organization to the U.S. government. http://www.pih.org/what/PIHmodel.html Partnering with governments to build up capacity.
- Africa Fighting Malaria http://www.fightingmalaria.org/
- the International Health Partnership+ with IHP+ Civil Society Consultative Group, which serves as a platform for the civil society engagement in Health Systems Strengthening to ensure country level participation in the monitoring of country level progress and in holding all signatories accountable for delivering results.
- Health System Strengthening
- The High Level Task Force of Innovative Financing
- the Evidence-to-Policy (E2Pi) initiative Launched April 2010 by UCSF and SEEK Development, a global health and development consulting group based in Berlin. For many of the world’s major health challenges—including the enormous burden of HIV, TB, malaria, and maternal and child deaths—a failure to translate evidence on what works into practical health policies is costing lives. The Global Health Group recently announced the launch of a new international partnership dedicated to improving global health by helping turn scientific evidence into policy and action. Gavin Yamey, MD, MA, MRCP, San Francisco lead of the Evidence-to-Policy (E2Pi) initiative, will give an overview of this exciting new partnership between GHG and SEEK Development, a global health and development consulting group based in Berlin, Germany. The aim of the initiative is to help address some of the challenges by closing the gap between what is known and what gets done in practice.
- Gates foundation Living Proof Project http://www.gatesfoundation.org/livingproofproject/ advocacy campaign that aims to sustain and increase investments in global health.
- http://www.plosmedicine.org/ Online medicine journal focusing on development.
- Measure DHS http://www.measuredhs.com/ For example on health assessments Since 1984, the MEASURE DHS (Demographic and Health Surveys) project has provided technical assistance to more than 240 surveys in over 85 countries, advancing global understanding of health and population trends in developing countries. DHS has earned a worldwide reputation for collecting and disseminating accurate, nationally representative data on fertility, family planning, maternal and child health, gender, HIV/AIDS, malaria, and nutrition.
Health & conflict causes
Health and conflict Institute for Theory and Practice 2006 Study. Shows that the prevalence of HIV/AIDS in developing countries was strongly associated with higher levels of civil conflict and more human rights abuses.
The concept of "peace through health" or "health as a bridge for peace" has been in existence for decades, but remains ambiguous. The idea is best understood as cross-border or cross-group initiatives toward increasing understanding, cooperation, and trust, addressing health concerns of populations and mobilizing health professionals as advocates for peace. http://www.usip.org/resources/peacebuilding-through-health-among-israelis-and-palestinians