Middle East

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Contents

Fiche

Nexus

Philosophy, Sociology, Cultural Studies, Religious Studies, Islam, Middle East. Israel, Palestinian Authority, Iran, Iraq, Egypt, Yemen, Libya.

Scope

THREE LINES OF POETRY PLOT THE TRAJECTORY of Arab national consciousness. "Awake, O Arabs, and arise!" begins the famous ode of Ibrahim al-Yaziji, penned in 1868 in Lebanon.(George Antonius deployed the line as the epigraph of his influential book, The Arab Awakening,as the first utterance of a nascent Arab desire for independence from Ottoman rule. "Write down, I am an Arab!" begins the poem of resistance by the Palestinian poet Mahmoud Darwish, written in 1963 to assert an Arab identity denied by Israel and the West.

Web

News

Les trois grands quotidiens panarabes édités à Londres

Blogs

Periodicals

http://www.diigo.com/user/coddeau/periodical%20middle_east


Organisations

Carnegie Middle East Center, (Lebanon)

Gulf Research Center (GRC), Dubai, (United Arab Emirates)

Al-Ahram Center for Political and Strategic Studies, (Egypt)

Brookings Doha Center, (Qatar)

Institute for National Security Studies (INSS), (Israel)

Turkish Economic and Social Studies Foundation (TESEV), (Turkey)

Moshe Dayan Center for Middle Eastern and African Studies, (Israel)

Begin Sadat Center for Strategic Studies, (Israel)

Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs, (Israel)

Center for Strategic Studies, (Jordan)

Emirates Center for Strategic Studies and Research, (United Arab Emirates)

European Stability Initiative, (Turkey)

Association for Liberal Thinking, (Turkey)

Rabin Center for Israeli Studies, (Israel)

Truman Institute for the Advancement of Peace, (Israel)

Israel Center for Social and Economic Progress (ICSEP), (Israel)

Friedrich Naumann Foundation, (Jordan)

Arab Thought Forum, (Jordan)

Ibn Khaldoun Center for Development Studies, (Egypt)

Israel-Palestine Center for Research and Information, (Palestinian Authority)

Lebanese Center for Policy Studies (LCPS), (Lebanon)

Center d‘Etudes et des Recherches en Sciences Sociales, (Morocco)

Kuwait Center for Strategic Studies, (Kuwait)

Van Leer Jerusalem Institute, (Israel)

The Information and Decision Support Center (IDSC), (Egypt)

Further

Books


Reform

“America’s standing alongside authoritarian regimes is what created terrorism in the Arab world,” said Ayman Nour, a former Egyptian presidential candidate (three years in prison). “It is what strengthened the thorn of extremism in the Arab world.”

  • The State of Reform in the Arab World 2009-2010 report was prepared by ARI and the Palestinian Center for Political and Survey Research. Recommendations : (1) laws and an electoral process that integrate all sectors of society and eliminate discrimination; (2) the development of tax systems based on progressive taxation and a just distribution of wealth; (3) the development of an education system with firm moral and social foundations and based on the principles of pluralism and secularism. Additionally, ARI notes a pressing need to make the issues of social justice and social and economic rights the core of the reform process. This would need to happen while also reforming education by allocating bigger budgets, combating illiteracy, reducing the school drop-out rate, and improving the conditions of education, especially for females.

Political Islam

Political movements basing their mandate on Islam (e.g. the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt, Harakat al-Tahreer in Algeria, the National Front in Sudan, the mullahs in Iran, Hamas in Palestine, and Hizbollah in Lebanon). Throughout the Arab world, all political Islamic movements without exception oppose (sometimes violently) the regimes deemed friends of America ; http://www.plutobooks.com/crooke.htm Alastair Crooke, co-director of Conflicts Forum, a former EU mediator with Hamas and other Islamist groups, author of ‘Resistance: the Essence of the Islamist Revolution'.

Hamas Leader Khaleed Meechal

Hezbollah Leader Hassan Nasrallah

Israeli-Palestinian Conflict

Middle East experts draw the same outline for a peace deal. First, Palestinian officials would have to accept that there would be no right of return for refugees of the 1948 war that established the Israeli state, and for their millions of descendants. Rather, the Palestinians would have to accept some kind of compensation. Second, the two sides would have to share Jerusalem — Palestinians locating their capital in the east and Israelis in the west, and both signing on to some sort of international agreement on how to share the holy sites in the Old City. Third, Israel would return to its 1967 borders — before it captured East Jerusalem and the West Bank in the Six-Day War — give or take a few negotiated settlements and territorial swaps. Fourth, the United States or NATO would have to give Israel security guarantees, probably including stationing troops along the Jordan River, to ease Israeli fears that hostile countries could use the Palestinian state as a springboard for attacks. And finally, Arab neighbors like Saudi Arabia would recognize Israel.

Development

Arab-Arab Cooperation

"Inter-Arab cooperation" will be the focus of the fourth annual edition of the Arab international technical cooperation conference and its impact on the world development which is due to held from April 20 to 22, 2010. The event is an initiative of the Arab Administrative Development of the Arab League "ARADO" with the assistance of the Tunisian Agency for Technical Cooperation (ATCT). The conference will bring together operators from different sectors of economic activity from Tunisia, Morocco, Libya, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, Iraq, Lebanon, Comoros, Palestine, Jordan, Egypt, Sudan and Yemen. The event will also provided an opportunity to stress the importance of the Arab-Arab cooperation for development, promote programs and projects in the framework of the Arab-Arab cooperation, and exchange success stories from different countries and international organizations as well as to discuss key challenges and encountered constraints. Interventions will focus on the evolution of the Arab-Arab development cooperation as well as the project management of the Arab-Arab cooperation in various sectors such as information technology, health, protection of environmental studies and research.

Institutions

Arts & Humanities

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