THREE LINES OF POETRY PLOT THE TRAJECTORY of Arab national consciousness. "Awake, O Arabs, and arise!" begins the famous ode of Ibrahim al-Yaziji, penned in 1868 in Lebanon.(George Antonius deployed the line as the epigraph of his influential book, The Arab Awakening,as the first utterance of a nascent Arab desire for independence from Ottoman rule. "Write down, I am an Arab!" begins the poem of resistance by the Palestinian poet Mahmoud Darwish, written in 1963 to assert an Arab identity denied by Israel and the West.
- http://www.gallup.com/press/104209/Who-Speaks-Islam-What-Billion-Muslims-Really-Think.aspx Muslims admire western Democracy and Freedom. But perceive a gap between those values espoused at home, and the way the West is trying to influence the Muslim world. This perceived gap is explained by the muslims by the fact that they see the West are treating muslims as inferior - that they are singled out because they are Muslims.
- Libya 17 Feb http://www.libyafeb17.com/
- http://syn.aqoul.com/ syndicated news ;
- Mideastwire http://www.mideastwire.com.gate2.library.lse.ac.uk/ English translations of Middle East daily newspaper opinion ;
- ME Transparent http://www.metransparent.com Site web créé en 2006, en Royaume Uni, un point de vue libéral ;
- Sahafa http://www.sahafa.com/ Collection of news from all Arab countries
- Zenith Online http://www.zenithonline.de/
Les trois grands quotidiens panarabes édités à Londres
- http://www.alquds.co.uk/ "La Jérusalem arabe" ;
- http://www.alhayat.com/ Al-Hayat "La Vie" est sans doute le journal de référence de la diaspora arabe et la tribune préférée des intellectuels de gauche ou des libéraux arabes qui veulent s'adresser à un large public. Libanais à l'origine, il a été racheté en 1990 par le prince et maréchal saoudien Khaled ibn-Sultan ;
- http://www.aawsat.com/ Asharq Al-Awsat "Le Moyen-Orient" se présente comme le "quotidien international des Arabes". Edité par Saudi Research and Marketing – présidé par un frère du roi –, il se veut modéré et combat le radicalisme arabe, même si plusieurs de ses journalistes affichent une sensibilité islamiste ;
- Daniel Levy http://www.prospectsforpeace.com/ Daniel Levy ;
- Nibras Kazimi http://talismangate.blogspot.com/ Nibras Kazimi, well-read (Kurdish?) blogger.
- Alsharq http://www.alsharq.de/ Nachrichten und Hintergründe rund um den Nahen und Mittleren Osten - Von Mauretanien bis Iran, von Aleppo bis Sanaa
- Peterson http://www.jepeterson.net/publications.html
- Arabesken http://blogs.taz.de/arabesken/
- Juan Cole Informed Comment http://www.juancole.com/ Professor at University of Michigan
- BRISMES http://www.brismes.ac.uk/
Carnegie Middle East Center, (Lebanon)
Gulf Research Center (GRC), Dubai, (United Arab Emirates)
Al-Ahram Center for Political and Strategic Studies, (Egypt)
Brookings Doha Center, (Qatar)
Institute for National Security Studies (INSS), (Israel)
Turkish Economic and Social Studies Foundation (TESEV), (Turkey)
Moshe Dayan Center for Middle Eastern and African Studies, (Israel)
Begin Sadat Center for Strategic Studies, (Israel)
Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs, (Israel)
Center for Strategic Studies, (Jordan)
Emirates Center for Strategic Studies and Research, (United Arab Emirates)
European Stability Initiative, (Turkey)
Association for Liberal Thinking, (Turkey)
Rabin Center for Israeli Studies, (Israel)
Truman Institute for the Advancement of Peace, (Israel)
Israel Center for Social and Economic Progress (ICSEP), (Israel)
Friedrich Naumann Foundation, (Jordan)
Arab Thought Forum, (Jordan)
Ibn Khaldoun Center for Development Studies, (Egypt)
Israel-Palestine Center for Research and Information, (Palestinian Authority)
Lebanese Center for Policy Studies (LCPS), (Lebanon)
Center d‘Etudes et des Recherches en Sciences Sociales, (Morocco)
Kuwait Center for Strategic Studies, (Kuwait)
Van Leer Jerusalem Institute, (Israel)
The Information and Decision Support Center (IDSC), (Egypt)
“America’s standing alongside authoritarian regimes is what created terrorism in the Arab world,” said Ayman Nour, a former Egyptian presidential candidate (three years in prison). “It is what strengthened the thorn of extremism in the Arab world.”
- Arab Reform Initiative (ARI) http://www.arab-reform.net/ which examines the state of reform all across the Arab world. ARI is a network of independent Arab research and policy institutes, with partners from the United States and Europe. Founded in 2005, the network seeks to apply Arab research capacities to the cause of advancing knowledge and developing a program for democratic reform in the Arab World that is realistic and home-grown. The initiative also aims to produce policy recommendations that can help promote reform in the region.
- The State of Reform in the Arab World 2009-2010 report was prepared by ARI and the Palestinian Center for Political and Survey Research. Recommendations : (1) laws and an electoral process that integrate all sectors of society and eliminate discrimination; (2) the development of tax systems based on progressive taxation and a just distribution of wealth; (3) the development of an education system with firm moral and social foundations and based on the principles of pluralism and secularism. Additionally, ARI notes a pressing need to make the issues of social justice and social and economic rights the core of the reform process. This would need to happen while also reforming education by allocating bigger budgets, combating illiteracy, reducing the school drop-out rate, and improving the conditions of education, especially for females.
- Arab Reform bulletin Carnegie http://carnegieendowment.org/arb/?lang=ar
- Civic Education Project http://civiceducationproject.org/resources/universities-in-the-middle-east/ ;
- Lee Smith, The Strong Horse Power, Politics, and the Clash of Arab Civilizations http://www.randomhouse.com/acmart/catalog/display.pperl?isbn=9780385516112&view=excerpt "It is a common misconception that Islamism is a deviant, radical ideology bearing little resemblance to the “real” or “traditional” Islam. I argue instead that Islamism represents the modern, progressive, and rationalist effort of Muslims to come to terms with the forces of modernity heralded by Napoleon’s arrival. The terror and violence that mark what we’ve come to call Islamic radicalism are the products of the mixture of Salaﬁsm with traditional Arab politics, which has no mechanism for peaceful transitions of authority or power sharing, and therefore sees political conﬂict as a ﬁght to the death between strong horses. Far from being deviant, the Islamists’ reliance on violence is all too characteristic, not of Islam, but of the region. Consider the struggles we see played out today across the Middle East, with insurgents and oppositionists waging terror campaigns to win power, while the regimes use torture and collective punishment to defeat their domestic competition. Aside from the venue, September 11 was just the business of Arab politics as usual."
- Centre for Arab Unity Studies, Beirut http://www.caus.org.lb/
- Islam Democracy http://www.islam-democracy.org/ ;
- Gloria Center http://www.gloria-center.org/ Research in Israel
- Center for the Study of Islam and Democracy (CSID) https://www.csidonline.org/ ;
- Reset DOC http://www.resetdoc.org/ recognizes the value of cultural differences, are the promotion of dialogue in the world ;
- Conflicts Forum http://conflictsforum.org/ Started in 2004. It aims to open a "new relationship" between the West and the Muslim world by dialogue. Since the late 1980’s, Conflicts Forum’s directors, Alastair Crooke and Mark Perry, have been in dialogue with a wide range of leading Islamists ;
- Oxford Research Group http://www.oxfordresearchgroup.org.uk/work/middle_east/arab_israeli.php Together with Conflicts Forum and the Middle East Policy Initiative Forum granted a Parternship for Peace Funding in 2006-2008. Allows for an in inclusive approach to conflict resolution in two work streams , regional dialogue and Israeli-Palestinian dialogue ;
- FAS http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/mideast/RS22053.pdf A 2005 run-down on international democracy initiatives ;
- Arab Liberals Net http://www.arab-liberals.net/aboutnal.html ; Saad Eddin Ibrahim, an Egyptian democracy advocate living in self-imposed exile because the government has threatened to jail him: The “infrastructure of democracy : the rule of law, the independence of the judiciary, free media, autonomous civil society and gender equality.”
- US National Endowment for Democracy (NED),
- US the International Republican Institute (IRI),
- US the National Democratic Institute (NDI),
- The Asia Foundation http://asiafoundation.org/;
- Middle East Partnership Initiative (MEPI) http://mepi.state.gov/ represents a high-profile attempt to break free from pre-9/11 standard approaches. MEPI structures its programs on four thematic “pillars”— political reform, economic reform, education, and women’s empowerment— and directly supports indigenous NGOs on a more innovative and flexible basis. Announced December 12, 2002 by Colin Powell to encourage reforms in Arab countries by strengthening Arab civil society, encouraging micro-enterprise, expanding political participation, and promoting women’s rights. Has been criticized by some for being an exclusively U.S. government program.
- Broader Middle East and North Africa Initiative (BMENA) launched by G8 in 2004 as a multi-lateral attempt. In the summer of 2006 BMENA launched an effort to replicate the model of the Asia Foundation—the most successful NGO in promoting programs to develop civil-society institutions—and tailor it to the Middle East region.
- Qantara http://www.qantara.de/de
- Goethe http://www.goethe.de/ins/eg/kai/deindex.htm
- Goethe http://www.goethe.de/ins/eg/prj/jgd/deindex.htm
Political movements basing their mandate on Islam (e.g. the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt, Harakat al-Tahreer in Algeria, the National Front in Sudan, the mullahs in Iran, Hamas in Palestine, and Hizbollah in Lebanon). Throughout the Arab world, all political Islamic movements without exception oppose (sometimes violently) the regimes deemed friends of America ; http://www.plutobooks.com/crooke.htm Alastair Crooke, co-director of Conflicts Forum, a former EU mediator with Hamas and other Islamist groups, author of ‘Resistance: the Essence of the Islamist Revolution'.
Hamas Leader Khaleed Meechal
Hezbollah Leader Hassan Nasrallah
Middle East experts draw the same outline for a peace deal. First, Palestinian officials would have to accept that there would be no right of return for refugees of the 1948 war that established the Israeli state, and for their millions of descendants. Rather, the Palestinians would have to accept some kind of compensation. Second, the two sides would have to share Jerusalem — Palestinians locating their capital in the east and Israelis in the west, and both signing on to some sort of international agreement on how to share the holy sites in the Old City. Third, Israel would return to its 1967 borders — before it captured East Jerusalem and the West Bank in the Six-Day War — give or take a few negotiated settlements and territorial swaps. Fourth, the United States or NATO would have to give Israel security guarantees, probably including stationing troops along the Jordan River, to ease Israeli fears that hostile countries could use the Palestinian state as a springboard for attacks. And finally, Arab neighbors like Saudi Arabia would recognize Israel.
"Inter-Arab cooperation" will be the focus of the fourth annual edition of the Arab international technical cooperation conference and its impact on the world development which is due to held from April 20 to 22, 2010. The event is an initiative of the Arab Administrative Development of the Arab League "ARADO" with the assistance of the Tunisian Agency for Technical Cooperation (ATCT). The conference will bring together operators from different sectors of economic activity from Tunisia, Morocco, Libya, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, Iraq, Lebanon, Comoros, Palestine, Jordan, Egypt, Sudan and Yemen. The event will also provided an opportunity to stress the importance of the Arab-Arab cooperation for development, promote programs and projects in the framework of the Arab-Arab cooperation, and exchange success stories from different countries and international organizations as well as to discuss key challenges and encountered constraints. Interventions will focus on the evolution of the Arab-Arab development cooperation as well as the project management of the Arab-Arab cooperation in various sectors such as information technology, health, protection of environmental studies and research.
- Gulf Cooperation Council http://www.gccsg.org/eng/index.php
- The Gulf Research Centre http://www.grc.ae/ independent research institute located in Dubai , United Arab Emirates (UAE). The GRC was founded in July 2000 by Mr. Abdulaziz Sager, a Saudi businessman, who realized that in a world of rapid political, social and economic change, it is important to pursue politically neutral and academically sound research about the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries and disseminate the knowledge obtained as widely as possible. The GRC seeks to provide a better understanding of the challenges and prospects of the GCC countries.
- Arab League
- Arab Administrative Development of the Arab League "ARADO" http://www.arado.org.eg/en/
- the OPEC Fund for International Development,
- the Islamic Development Bank
- the Arab Fund for Economic and Social Development
- Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia http://www.escwa.un.org/divisions/ecw.asp?division=ecw
- Woolf Institute http://www.woolf.cam.ac.uk/ religious relations in the Middle East