Political Science is the systematic study of governance by the application of empirical and generally scientific methods of analysis. Traditionally focus has been on the state and its organs and institutions, now it is broader : all the societal, cultural, and psychological factors that mutually influence the operation of government and the body politic. There is a strong focus on power — defined as the ability of one political actor to get another actor to do what it wants — at the international, national, and local levels.
Political science studies institutions and behaviour, favours the descriptive over the normative, and develops theories or draws conclusions based on empirical observations, which are expressed in quantitative terms where possible.
There seems to be a constant debate on the usefulness of political science research to solve the problems in society. Especially in the US, focus has been on quantitative research and cause and effect relationships and statistical methods and mathematics-based models, which means that research should stay away from policy and concentrate on science.
The journal Perspectives on Politics http://www.apsanet.org/content_3246.cfm was created by the American Political Science Association http://www.apsanet.org/ to bridge this growing divide between science and policy after, in 2000, an anonymous political scientist who called himself Mr. Perestroika roused scores of colleagues to protest APSA and its flagship journal, The American Political Science Review, arguing that the two were marginalising scholars who focused on traditional research based on history, culture and archives.
Divisions & Traditions
Political Theory - classical political philosophy (socialism, liberalism, conservatism, anarchism) , contemporary theoretical perspectives (e.g., constructivism, critical theory, and postmodernism) , forms of government (democracy, totalitarianism, tyranny, despotism, monarchy), forms of political action (coups, revolutions, elections), domestic politics (public opinion), and concerned with rights, justice, freedom, and political obligation. Theorising The State.
Comparative politics - politics within countries (often grouped into world regions, see also Area Studies) and analyzes similarities and differences between countries ;
International Relations considers the political relationships and interactions between countries, including the causes of war, the formation of foreign policy, international political economy, and the structures that increase or decrease the policy options available to governments ;
Public Administration studies the role of the bureaucracy, national government, state, local or regional governments ;
Public Law studies constitutions, legal systems, civil rights, and criminal justice (now increasingly its own discipline) ;
Public Policies examines the passage and implementation of all types of government policies, particularly those related to civil rights, defense, health, education, economic growth, urban renewal, regional development, and environmental protection.
• From sociology: accommodation, aggregate, assimilation, élite circulation, clique, cohesion, collective behavior, hierarchy, ideal-type, individualism, legitimacy, mass media, mass society, militarism, nationalism, pattern variables, Protestant ethic, secular, segregation, social class, social control, social integration, social structure, socialization, status inconsistency, working class, Gemeinschaft–Gesellschaft.
• From psychology: affect, alienation, ambivalence, aspiration, attitude, behavior, consciousness, dependency, empathy, personality, social movement, stereotype, Gestalt.
• From economics: allocation of resources, cartel, corporatism, diminishing returns, industrial revolution, industrialization, liberalism, mercantilism, gross national product, scarcity, undeveloped areas.
• From philosophy and the ancient Greeks: anarchism, aristocracy, consensus, democracy, faction, freedom, general will, idealism, monarchy, oligarchy, phratry, pluralism, tyranny, value, Weltanschauung.
• From anthropology: acculturation, affinity, caste, nepotism, patriarchy, plural society, rites de passage.
• From theology: anomie (disregard of divine law), charisma.
• From journalists and politicians: imperialism, internationalism, isolationism, Left and Right, lobbying, neutralism, nihilism, patronage, plebiscite, propaganda, socialism, syndicalism.
- Political Theory http://www.politicaltheory.info/ portal weblog on political theory and philosophy, updated every weekday ;
- National Affairs http://www.nationalaffairs.com/ quarterly journal of essays about domestic policy, political economy, society, culture, and political thought, with in tellectual and institutional predecessor, The Public Interest, full archive (Including Kristol writing) http://www.nationalaffairs.com/publications/page/irving-kristol-1920-2009 ;
- Think Tanks http://www.fpri.org/research/thinktanks/ ;
- Johan Skytte Prize in Political Science http://skytteprize.statsvet.uu.se/ Skytteanska priset, Nobelpris i Statsvetenskap. "Att svenskarna hade stora framgångar på slagfältet men sedan tenderade att förlora de påföljande fredsförhandlingarna, fick friherren Johan Skytte (1577–1645) att inrätta en professur i ”vältalighet och politik”, så snart han år 1622 blev kansler för Uppsala universitet." http://blogg.svd.se/understrecket?id=12909 ;
Blogs Blogportal Political Science http://www.academicblogs.org/index.php/Political_Science_and_Political_Theory
Logosjournal http://www.logosjournal.com/ left-leaning; Polysigh http://polysigh.blogspot.com/ Political Science multi-blog; Daniel Drezner http://drezner.foreignpolicy.com/ ; Jim Johnson http://politicstheoryphotography.blogspot.com/ ; Simon Jackman http://jackman.stanford.edu/blog/ ; Crooked Timber http://crookedtimber.org/ ;
- Cemoti ;
- Constellations - on democracy
- Communications ;
- Droit et société ;
- Genèses ;
- Lien social et Politique ;
- Lusotopie ;
- Monthly Review http://www.monthlyreview.org/ In May 1949 Monthly Review began publication in New York City, as cold war hysteria gathered force in the United States. The first issue featured the lead article Why Socialism? by Albert Einstein. From the first Monthly Review spoke for socialism and against U.S. imperialism, and is still doing so today. From the first Monthly Review was independent of any political organization, and is still so today. The McCarthy era inquisition targeted Monthly Review's original editors Paul Sweezy and Leo Huberman, who fought back successfully. In the subsequent global upsurge against capitalism, imperialism and the commodification of life (in shorthand “1968”) Monthly Review played a global role. A generation of activists received no small part of their education as subscribers to the magazine and readers of Monthly Review Press books. In the intervening years of counter-revolution, Monthly Review has kept a steady viewpoint. That point of view is the heartfelt attempt to frame the issues of the day with one set of interests foremost in mind: those of the great majority of humankind, the propertyless.
- Mots. Langages du politique ;
- Pôle sud ; http://www.cairn.info.gate2.library.lse.ac.uk/revue-pole-sud.htm
- Politique africaine ;
- Politique et management public ;
- Politique européenne ;
- Politix. Revue des sciences sociales du politique ; http://www.cairn.info.gate2.library.lse.ac.uk/revue-politix.htm
- Pouvoirs ;
- Problèmes d’Amérique latine ;
- Quaderni ;
- Raisons politiques ;
- Réseaux ;
- Revue d’études comparatives ;
- Est Ouest ;
- Revue du monde musulman et de la Méditerranée ;
- Revue française d’administration publique ;
- Revue française de science politique ;
- Revue française des affaires sociales ;
- Revue internationale de politique comparée ; http://www.cairn.info.gate2.library.lse.ac.uk/revue-internationale-de-politique-comparee.htm